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A team of experts at KFUPM has published a high-profile review article on the layered cathode and anode nano-architectures for charge storage devices


Modern electric vehicles, cell phones, hydropower, windmills, etc. are purely relying on energy resources. Rechargeable batteries and supercapacitors are the ultimate solutions to modern world challenges. Therefore, researchers are trying hard to develop magic materials for next-generation devices, which could have properties to store and generate more energy than the existing materials.

A team from KFUPM, specifically the Centre of Research Excellence in Nanotechnology (CENT) comes forward to provide an overwhelming literature review of the existing electrode materials having unique layered morphologies. The team has published an article in one of the most prestigious journals, i.e., Energy Storage Materials (I.F. 16.28, Q1), under the title “Progress in layered cathode and anode nanoarchitectures for charge storage devices: Challenges and future perspective” (DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ensm.2020.11.033). The published article provides information and recent progress in various class of layered materials (2015-2020).

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Dr. Shahid Ali and Dr. Safyan A. Khan (Experts in the development of advanced nanomaterials for energy and oil field applications) have provided an overview of the role of layered chalcogenides, layered perovskites, and recently developed in situ investigations of various reactions occurring in the electrochemical energy storage (EES) devices. Moreover, they provided in-depth information about the role of electrolytes and their modifications.

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Dr. Muhammad Usman (Expert in thin-film fabrications and MOFs Chemistry) has collected few interesting facts about the challenges that could be investigated to deploy the MOFs more effectively in the next-generation EES devices. He believes that the elastic nature and tuneable properties of MOFs can be the game changers in the EES industry.

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Dr. Usman studying the electrochemical properties of a thin-film of metal-organic frameworks (MOF) grown on a mesh electrode.


Dr. Nadeem Baig a researcher from the Center of Research Excellence in Desalination & Water Treatment, examined the graphene and layered nature of few reported metal oxides. He concluded that due to the economical and abundant nature of metal oxide, modern technologies can be based on these materials with proper modifications. Moreover, Li-ion battery is already a key component in electric cars, mobile phones, medical and military technology.

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Dr. Baig developed graphene architecture on the surface of an electrode.


Investigating the economically feasible materials, Dr. Ibrahim Khan (Expert in layered material synthesis and energy applications) has concluded that layered materials based on carbon, perovskites, and Mxenes could have potential applications in the modern EES devices. These materials already showed exceptional rate capabilities and power retention. According to his survey, photo-batteries and photo-capacitors are the perspectives of next-generation EES industry. 

1e.pngDr. Khan developed carbon-based stretchable electrodes. The concept of photo-batteries, and photo-capacitors for next-generation EES industry (photo credit from Nano Lett. 2018, 18, 3, 1856–1862).

Acknowledgment: The work is supported by “Research and Development Office, Ministry of Education (RDO-MOE), Saudi Arabia under High Quality-Impact Research Publication Initiative (Project # RDO-HQIP19_25).


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