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 Capstone design projects for term 162

Capstone Design Projects for Term 162
Section Instructor  Project Title Project Description


Dr. M. Abido

Design and Implementation of a Bridge Type Fault Current Limiter

During the last few decades, security and stability of recent electric power systems with renewable sources become more significant for future due to their complex nature. A prospective solution to the stability and security issues mentioned above is to employ fault current limiters. Different categories of fault current limiter such as resistive, inductive, superconducting, flux-lock, DC reactor, and resonance FCL have been presented for limiting fault current as well as improving stability of power system.
In this project, bridge type fault current limiter will be designed and implemented experimentally.


Dr. Adil Balghonaim

Face Recognition and Application

Develop an algorith in Matlab to do Face recognition and apply it.
Prerequisites: Matlab.


Dr. Zakariya Al-Hamouz

Experimental and Simulation Analysis of Line Start Permanent Magnet Sysnchronous Motor (LSPMSM)

LSPMSM is a new design of electric motors to be the replacement of the induction motors, with higher efficiency and higher power factor. The motor name comes from its ability to start directly when connected to the source. It has permanent magnets on its rotor, and a squirrel cage starting winding. LSPMSMs combine the high efficiency of the permanent magnet motors (PM) with the ease of use, simplicity in design and high starting ability of the induction motors.
The project aims at estimation the motor’s parameters from experimental results. After that, simulation of its performance under different loading conditions will be done and verified against experimental findings.


Dr. Husain Al-Jamid

Ultrasonic Range Finder / Proximity Sensor

This device utilizes ultrasound waves to measure the distance of objects. The device is to be designed, built and successfully tested. It should be able to measure the correct distance of objects within the range of 30 cm to 400 cm with an accuracy of 2cm. In addition, the device should also have the ability to function as proximity sensor, with warning sound. The final circuit should be assembled on a printed board and should display the distance of the object on an 8-segment LCD display.


Dr. Ibrahim Elamin

Design of Residential DC system

This project will design and implement a direct current (DC) micro-grid for
power distribution in residential households. The system shall have DC source (24-48) and number of converters and DC appliances.
Prerequisites: EE 460 EE 468


Dr. Munir A. Al-Absi

Watermelon ripeness detection

Many people find it difficult to select the best watermelon. Some seller use the knife and cut small piece of it to test and some other they promise it is sweet. The first method is not healthy and the second method is not guaranteed. In this project the student will find a solution to this problem so that you go back home with a sweet watermelon. Project Objectives: • To design and prototype a watermelon ripeness detection system .
Prerequisites: EE 303


Dr. Salim Ibrir

Control and monitoring of a variable speed drive with application to cooling and heating 

Variable-speed drives refer to as the control units for AC/BLDC/DC motors that can spin at a wide range of speeds to control other physical variables like temperature, air quality, humidity, energy, and even electrical efficiency or consumption. The aim of the project is to develop a stand-alone controller and a friendly user interface to control the speed of a brushless DC/PMSM motor at some desired and multiple reference speeds. Adequate sensors will be proposed and implemented to ensure exact/precise speed tracking.
Prerequisites: The students should have at least B+ in EE 380 course. Good knowledge of Matlab/Simulink, Arduino, and C programming.  Excellent knowledge of Electronics. Basic knowledge of Labview software.   Web design and communication-protocol knowledge is an asset. 


Dr. Mahmoud Kassas

Low Voltage DC Supply in a House: Electrical System Design and Distribution

This project involves the electrical system design and distribution for low voltage DC main supply in a House. The project main power should be considered from renewable available in the kingdom. The emphasis of the project is the design and the prototype assembly of the photovoltaic system, switchboard panel enclosure, the battery enclosure for the DC main electrical system in a House. The principle design implements a variety of renewable energy sources, however this senior project only uses solar power in order to maintain a manageable scope. Each of these renewable energy sources are stepped down to a voltage of 24V and input to a Multi Inputs Single Output DC to DC converter (MISO) located within the switchboard panel enclosure. The MISO then connects to a set of batteries which power the loads of the DC House operating at 48V. The finished assembly of the photovoltaic array and panel enclosure will then be retrofitted to a small prototype house. After the retrofit, the electrical system will be tested at the source and load sides to ensure proper system functionality. 
Prerequisites: Senior standing.


Dr. Ahmad A. Masoud

An Optical Mouse-Based Odometer & Motion Tracker

An optical mouse consists of a low-resolution camera (50x50 pixels) and a digital signal processing ship to process the data from the camera and estimate motion of the mouse. This project aims at utilizing the components of an ordinary optical mouse to create a tracker or an optical proximity motion sensor. The major tasks of the project are:

1- Researching and technically documenting the circuitry and components used to build an optical mouse. The function of the components and how they work has to be described in technical details
2- Constructing the needed interface to display the image captured by the camera of the optical mouse on Matlab
3- Mounting two optical mice on a cart and building an optical mouse system that can measure the distance traveled by the cart and its orientation
4- Summarizing the literature and research papers that constructed similar devices.
Prerequisites: 1-circuit interface, 2-Good matlab skills, 3-Microcontroller programming, 4-ability to read technical documents.


Dr. Ali Hussein Muqaibel

Software Defined Radar System for Target Detection

The objective of this project is to develop a basic low-cost RADAR system using Software Defined Radio (SDR) like the one developed by National Instruments (LabVIEW and NI USRP). The project will investigate the limitations and capabilities of the designed system in terms of resolution and accuracy. The developed system can be used for monitoring landside fronts. 
Prerequisites: EE370 and EE340 at least some members.


Dr. Mohammad S. Sharawi

Non-contact IR Temperature Sensing System

A non-contact infra-red based metal temperature sensing system will be designed and implemented in this project. An embedded system for temperature monitoring of metal objects is to be developed based on Infra Red radiation. The embedded system will utilize the use of a Microcontroller board to acquire the sensor reading and post process them. The readings from the temperature sensor will be displayed on an LCD panel on the development board, and warning messages will be displayed as well according to predefined monitoring criteria.
Prerequisites: EE303, EE390, C-language.


Dr. AL-Sayyed Alakhdhar

Smart cane for the blind

The cane should alert the blind by sound and vibration about nearby obstacle and dark places.
Prerequisites: EE370, EE390 and EE303.



Design of a Self-Sufficient and Solar-Powered House

The solar-powered and self-sufficient house is a house that runs solely on solar power. The benefits of solar-powered house are obvious: free and endless energy from the sun, clean energy with no greenhouse-gas emissions, and saving money. There are many factors to consider when designing the solar-powered house. In this project, the students are expected to provide a complete design and cost-benefit analysis for the solar system in the house. The solar system should be designed to be completely self-sufficient and provide enough power for all the appliances, lights, pumps and other electrical loads that are needed for any typical house. 


Dr. Chokri Belhaj Ahmed (EE) and Dr. Rashid Ben Mansour (ME)

Optimal Design For Cooling PV panel

To reach an appropriate design of an effective cooling scheme for Photovoltaic Panel (PV). The PV is operating under Saudi weather conditions. It is required to identify, localize and analyze the heat zones and distribution of temperature of PV silicon layer. The testing method is online with out interrupting the operation of the PV panel. The method uses a very high sensitive with high resolution infrared camera (available). Cooling the panel effectively would considerably improve the panel efficiency.
Prerequisites: senior level


Dr. Wessam Mesbah

Machine control over the internet

The goal of this project is to control things like electricity switches, water, gas valves, door locks, fans, air conditions, cars and boats from anywhere using our mobile devices or over the internet. Furthermore, we can receive readings from those machines such as temperature, gas leakage, pictures in order to monitor the status of the environment around and take any necessary actions. We will use microcontrollers with GSM and WiFi shields in order to receive the commands from smart phones and internet, respectively. Also, we will added a security component to guarantee that only the owner of the machine can control it.
Prerequisites: Good Programming skills, microcontrollers, Electronics.


Dr. Mohammed Khan

Wireless Power Transmission and Remote Charging by Laser Light

The project will involve designing a wireless power transmission system capable of remotely charging a small device (toy car, mobile, etc.). The system will consist of a transmitter and a receiver that are connected by a laser light as a medium in free space.
Prerequisites: EE 340.


Dr. Hussein Attia

A Network of Wireless Sensors for Agricultural Systems

The project aims to monitor the soil and atmospheric conditions that are critical to the cultivation of trees in a large farm.
It will be required to implement a wireless mesh network with enough
nodes in the network to cover a full farm.


Dr. Ali Arshad Nasir

Physical Layer Authentication based on Carrier Frequency Offset

The use of wireless networks has become quite extensive from the last few years but at the very same time, privacy and security of the users connected to these networks is also a major concern. Existing wireless security protocols such as WEP, WPA and even to some extent WPA2 can easily be circumvented by attackers, affecting the security of the entire network. As a solution of this problem, we are proposing a physical layer authentication scheme which takes into account a physical layer parameter, i.e., carrier frequency offset.

In particular, a receiver would detect whether the received signal is coming from a legal transmitter or from an invalid transmitter (eavesdropper) by means of carrier frequency offset estimation. The students are expected to simulate this physal layer security system using MATLAB or any other platform of their choice. If time permits, a hardware implementation of this system could also be realized using SDRs.
Prerequisites: EE-207 Signals and Systems, EE-370 Communication Engineering 1, EE-417 Communication Engineering 2 / EE-419 Wireless Communications.


Dr. Mudassir Masood

Implementation of Physical Layer Technique for Secure Wireless Communication

Due to their broadcast nature, wireless systems are prone to eavesdropping attacks. Cryptographic mechanisms, implemented in the upper layers of the network protocol stack are unable to secure critical information in the form of packet headers. Recently, physical layer-based security has gained popularity. Physical layer security is an information theoretic approach that utilizes the randomness in the attributes of wireless physical layer to implement confidentiality. In this project, we aim to perform secure communication between a transmitter (Tx) and a receiver (Rx) in the presence of an eavesdropper (Ex). We would design artificial noise (to be generated by Tx) based on the knowledge of channels between Tx-Rx and Tx-Ex. This artificial noise will degrade the Tx-Ex channel and will not affect the Tx-Rx channel thus allowing Tx and Rx to communicate securely in the presence of an Ex. The students are expected to simulate this physical layer security system using MATLAB or any other platform of their choice. If time permits, a hardware implementation of this system could also be realized using SDRs.
Prerequisites: EE-207, EE-370, EE-417/EE-419.


Dr. Mohamed Mohandes

Implementation of an Efficient RFID Tracking System

Using RFID for tracking a large number people, there is a need to send location information by each person. However, a better approach is that one person can collect IDs for all close by persons and sends these IDs along with the location information to the server. The server can map the location information to the database of all users included in the list. This is particularly helpful in tracking large gathering like pilgrims during Hajj season.
Prerequisites: Programming in Java.


Dr. M Deriche 

Crowd Monitoring using Quad UAVs

The students will develop a system based on quad to acauire image sequences and analyze these to detect abnormal crowd situations such as overcrowded areas, abnormal events, etc….
Prerequisites: MATLAB programming and basic signal/image processing background.