Any unintentional, uncontrolled release of a chemical into the environment is considered a Chemical Spill. Chemical spills are almost inevitable in laboratories, workshops, or other work places where chemicals are in use. The chemical labs and workshops must be equipped with chemical spill kits, and the staff should have the knowledge of procedure to follow during spills, and the use of spill kits.
The chemical spills can be of two types:
Minor Spills (up to 1 Litre)
Major Spills (more than 1 Litre)
Dealing with a Chemical Spill:
In case of a spill, kindly do the following:
- Stay calm, do not panic.
- Cordon the spilled area and put a spill signage.
- Identify the spilled chemical and refer its SDS.
- Act as per the severity of the spill (major spill or minor spill).
For minor spills, the staff who is trained in cleaning the spills can perform the clean up as per the standard procedure.
For major spills of hazardous chemicals, the staff must do the following:
- Evacuate the area.
- Shut off any possible ignition sources around if it safe to do so.
- Call the emergency number (999 from landline and 013-8609999 from mobile) and provide complete details of the chemical spill, and injured person(s) if any.
- Attend to injured person(s) and provide First Aid until the emergency services arrive at the location.