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 General Terms

General Terms


Safety is the state of being safe from harm or danger. Safety is about keeping oneself, and others around, free from any physical injury or other damage.


Anything that has the potential to cause harm is called a Hazard. Workplace hazards include material, processes, practices, or conditions that can cause physical injury or property damage. Example: slippery floor, obstruction in walkways, improper use of machinery etc.


Risk is the likelihood or probability that a person will experience any injury, illness, and harm, if exposed to a hazard. It may also apply to any property damage, or harmful environmental effects.

Risk Assessment:

Risk assessment is a formalized process of

  • Identifying hazards,
  • Analyzing and evaluating their risks,
  • Determining ways to either eliminate the hazard or control the risk.


A serious, unexpected, and often dangerous situation requiring immediate action. Example: gas leakage, fire, personal injury etc.


An unplanned, unwanted event that has led to or could have led to an injury. Incidents include accidents, near misses, and injuries.


An unplanned, unwanted event, which leads to injury, damage, or loss.

Near Miss:

An unplanned, unwanted event that had the potential to lead to injury, damage or loss, but actually did not do so.

Assembly Point:

An assembly point is a location outside the building, where the building occupants (faculty, staff, students, and visitors) assemble after evacuating during an emergency.


A person who has received an electric shock is said to have suffered electrification.


When a person receives an electric shock and remains in contact with the electrical source, he is said to be electrified.


When a person dies as a direct result of the electric shock is said to be electrocuted.