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 Heat Engines Lab

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MAntar.jpg
Director
Dr. Antar Mohammed
Lab Engineer/ Technician :
Mr. Karam, Mohammad S. A.
 
Location: 26-125
Tel: (860) 2184

Short introduction of the lab and its key capabilities/mission

The laboratory is used for both research and instructional purposes. The equipment available in the lab include: gasoline and diesel variable compression testing units for rating fuels, spark and diesel testing units for engine performance tests, and a stationary gas turbine unit with associated instrumentation for measuring power and performance. Also available are: Wankel and Stirling engines, steam turbine units, an analytical unit for emission measurements, a bomb calorimeter for constant volume combustion studies, and a diagnostic kit for automotive engines. It is also equipped with the state-of-the-art internal-combustion engine bed test connected to a gas analyzer allowing on-line measurements of performance and emissions

Courses supported are:

  • ​ME 203 - Thermodynamics I
  • ME 204 - Thermodynamics II
  • ME 315 - Heat Transfer
  • ME 432 – Internal Combustion Engine

Laboratory equipment dedicated to teaching only

Engine  test bed system Max speed 8000 rpm power 250 kw  Vsm tec  model no  59512- 400E
Electrode Steam Generator VSM TEC. ( BOILER ) MODEL: HEATER   A E- 350.
CFR  engine used to measure Octane number for fuels.
Gas Analyzer model p 7500 Richardo  gas unit.

Experimental setups used for teaching

  • Experiment # 1 Demonstration of Different Engines.
  • Experiment # 2 Dismantling of a Single Cylinder SI Engine.
  • Experiment # 3 Assembling of a Single Cylinder SI Engine Engine.
  • Experiment # 4 Constant Speed Test of a Diesel Engine.
  • Experiment # 5 Variable Speed Test of a Diesel Engine.
  • Experiment # 6 Morse Test.
  • Experiment # 7 Constant Speed Test of Gasoline Engine.
  • Experiment # 8 Variable Speed Test of a SI Engine.
  • Experiment # 9 Octane Rating by Research Method.
  • Experiment # 10 Engine Diagnostics.
  • Experiment # 11 Exhaust Gas Analysis.

Test-benches used for research

Summary of the research you/others are undertaking

In the heat engines lab, we have the following setups:
 
1. A computerized gas turbine model combustor with output power in the range from 4 to 7 MW/m3atm for testing methane and syngas combustion in pure oxygen environment.
 
HEL1.jpg 

Objectives:

The presently proposed research work has the goal of conducting both experimental and numerical study on the methane-oxygen combustion characteristics and emissions in comparison with the conventional fuel oxy-combustion inside a gas turbine model combustor. The specific objectives are:

To design and setup a gas turbine swirl combustor for the application of free emissions methane-oxygen combustion power generation To investigate experimentally the syngas oxy-combustion characteristics inside the gas turbine swirl combustor, in addition to recording the combustion products out of the system. To develop a CFD computational model for the investigations of the methane oxy-combustion and emission characteristics for a swirl gas turbine combustor. To investigate, numerically, the effect of concentration ratio in the oxidizer mixture (CO2+O2) on the flame stabilization and oxy-combustion characteristics inside the gas turbine combustor. To design and optimize gas turbine combustor utilizing oxy-combustion of methane fuel.

Equipment:

Gas Chromatograph -  High pressure compressor - Advanced gas analyzer - Air mass flow controllers - Furnace and quartz plates - Data acquisition System - Fuel rotameters - High sensitivity thermocouples - Metal plates and consumables - Laser Beam - Computer supplies and stationary - Computational Workstation for Computer modeling and simulation.

2. A test bed for liquid fuel evaporation and partial oxidation in a button-cell oxygen transport membrane reactor.   
 
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Objectives:

The main objective of the proposed study is to develop an OTR for the combustion of liquid fuels. The specific objectives of the proposed study are the following:

Build an ITM setup for the liquid fuel combustion that validates the concept and test, experimentally, the permeation of oxygen in a liquid fuel OTR and the liquid fuel combustion,

Assess the effect of the type of fuel on the performance of the OTR as well as test different membranes and evaluate cocking and sulfur emissions,
Develop a computational procedure to evaluate the flow and combustion of liquid fuels in OTRs and the conversion of liquid fuels into energy while capturing CO2, and
Assess the combustion of liquid fuels by investigating, numerically and experimentally, the influence of the key parameters, such as oxygen partial pressure in the feed side and CO2 circulation on the performance of the OTR.

Equipment:

Gas Chromatograph -  High pressure micro scale fuel pump – oxygen transport membranes - Advanced gas analyzer - Air mass flow controllers - Furnace and quartz plates - Data acquisition System - Fuel rotameters - High sensitivity thermocouples - Metal plates and consumables - Laser Beam - Computer supplies and stationary - Computational Workstation for Computer modeling and simulation.


3. A computerized test bed for a porous plate reactor burning natural and syngas fuels under oxy-combustion conditions toward the application of emission-free fire tube boilers.  

HEL3.jpg


Objectives:

The objective of the present work is to develop a carbon free fired tube boiler. This includes:

Develop a computational model for the 3-D ITM fire tube for use in the fire tube boiler.

Investigate numerically the influence of CO2 circulation on the combustion process in the fire tube boilers.

Test, experimentally, a small scale size of the developed fire tube utilizing porous media.

Equipment:

Gas Chromatograph -  High pressure compressor - Advanced gas analyzer - Air mass flow controllers - Furnace and quartz plates - Data acquisition System - Fuel rotameters - High sensitivity thermocouples - Metal plates and consumables - Laser Beam - Computer supplies and stationary - Computational Workstation for Computer modeling and simulation.


4- Experimental and theoretical investigations of knock tendency and emissions of a spark ignition engine fueled with gasoline octane 91 and 95. (March 2009 – March 2011). Funded by KFUPM.
 
This research aims to investigate experimentally and theoretically the effect of using the two grades of gasoline used in Saudi Arabia, octane 91 and 95, on the knock tendency and engine performance and emissions.
 
Equipment: ARMFIELD GASOLINE ENGINE MODEL CM 11 with Ignition & Injection Control
 
 4- OXY-COMBUSTION IN ITM REACTORS: SYSTEM’S ANALYSIS, COMBUSTION, ELECTROTHERMOCHEMISTRY AND MATERIALS. (September 2009 – September 2014). Funded by Center of Excellence for Scientific Research Collaboration with MIT - KFUPM.
 
The present work aims at numerically and experimentally investigating the oxyfuel combustion process utilizing an ion transport membrane. The specific objectives are:
Experimentally investigate the characteristics of methane combustion with oxygen.

Develop a computational model for investigating the characteristics of methane combustion at the membrane interface.

Investigate numerically the influence of CO2 circulation on the oxycombustion process.

Investigate numerically and experimentally the performance of oxygen transport membrane under different conditions of inlet air pressure.

Equipment:

Gas Chromatograp -  Membrane Plates -  High pressure compressor - Advanced gas analyzer - Air mass flow controllers - Furnace and quartz plates - Digital oscilloscope - Hot-wire anemometry and a bridge - Data acquisition System - Fuel rotameters - High sensitivity thermocouples - Metal plates and consumables - Laser Beam - Computer supplies and stationary - Computational Workstation for Computer modeling and simulation.
 
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Fig 1: Oxy-fuel combustion test rig.

Combustion characteristics and Emissions of a HCCI-DI Diesel Engine Running with a Bio-Fuel Suitable for Saudi Arabian Environment. (June 2010 – February 2014). Funded by KFUPM

The objectives of the current research can be summarized in the following points.

To increase the awareness with the importance of cultivating the jojoba plant as an alternative energy suitable for Saudi Arabia and the surrounding region forms one of the important objectives of this study.

To improve the chemical and physical characteristics of the jojoba bio-fuel.

To investigate experimentally the possibility of using this fuel as alternative fuel for direct-injection HCCI diesel engine.

To study the combustion characteristics (spray, injection timing, ignition timing and knocking), and the engine performance and emissions of the HCCI engine running with JME.

Equipment:

Single Cylinder Engine test bed + Dynamometer + measuring instrumentation for Pressure, temperature inside the cylinder(s) in addition to emissions measuring instruments

 A test rig and a converter machine to prepare the bio-fuel from raw oil.