The Department expects every student majoring in Physics to acquire a basic knowledge of
The required courses are designed in such a way to ensure that every student graduating in physics has proficiency in all of the above areas of physics. The introductory sequence of general Physics 101, 102, 204 covers the entire subject matter of physics at an elementary level. Classical mechanics is dealt with in Physics 300 at the intermediate level. Physics 305 and 306 give the required knowledge and competency in classical electrodynamics and wave optics phenomena. Quantum mechanics and its applications is dealt with first in Physics 213 at an elementary level, followed by Physics 310, and Physics 410 at a more advanced level. Physics 430 examines the statistical and thermal descriptions of many particle systems. Students have many opportunities to learn experimental techniques in Physics 205, 309, and 403. Methods of theoretical physics are introduced in Physics 210 while electronics is dealt with in Physics 308. Students are also trained in Research skills in Physics 497.
Requirements for the B.S. Degree in Physics
Every student majoring in PHYSICS must complete the following Courses:
• Bulletin Course Descriptions (English)PHYS 101 General Physics I (3-3-4)
Particle kinematics and dynamics; conservation of energy and linear momentum; rotational kinematics; rigid body dynamics; conservation of angular momentum; simple harmonic motion; gravitation; the statics and dynamics of ﬂuids.
Co-requisite: MATH 101 PHYS 102 General Physics II (3-3-4)
Wave motion and sound; temperature, ﬁrst and second law of thermodynamics; kinetic theory of gases; Coulomb’s law; the electric ﬁeld; Gauss’s law; electric potential; capacitors and dielectrics; D.C. circuits; the magnetic ﬁeld; Ampere’s and Faraday’s laws.
Prerequisite: PHYS 101
Co-requisite: MATH 102 PHYS 133 Principles of Physics (3-3-4)
Particle kinematics and dynamics, work, energy, and power. Kinetic theory of gases. Temperature, ﬁrst and second laws of thermodynamics. Heat transfer. Wave motion and sound. Electricity and magnetism. Light and optics.
Prerequisite: None PHYS 204 General Physics III (3-0-3)
Inductance; magnetic properties of matter, electromagnetic oscillations and waves; geometrical and physical optics. Relativity, introduction to quantum physics, atomic physics, solids, nuclear physics, particle physics and cosmology.
Prerequisites: PHYS 102, MATH 102 PHYS 205 General Physics III LAB (0-3-1)
This is the Lab component of General Physics III. It consists of selected experiments in electrical circuits, geometrical and physical optics as well as modern physics.
Co-requisite: PHYS 204 PHYS 210 Methods of Theoretical Physics (3-0-3)
Vector Calculus, Matrix algebra, Fourier Series and Transforms, Functions of a complex variable; Contour integration and Residue theorem; Orthogonal Polynomials; Partial diﬀerential equations; Introduction to tensors.
(Not open for credit to students who have taken MATH 333 or Math 302)
Co-requisite: MATH 202 PHYS 213 Modern Physics (3-0-3)
Quantum mechanics: the particle and wave aspects of matter; quantum mechanics in one and three dimensions, quantum theory of the hydrogen atom; atomic physics; statistical physics; selected topics from molecular Physics, solid state physics, nuclear physics, elementary particle physics, and cosmology.
Prerequisite: PHYS 102 PHYS 215 Introduction to Astronomy (3-0-3)
Celestial mechanics; the solar system; stellar measurement; stellar magnitudes and spectra; galaxies; cosmology, Light and Telescopes, Parallaxes, Early and Modern History of Astronomy including contributions of Arab and Muslim Scientists.
Prerequisite: PHYS 102
PHYS 234 The Physics of How Things Work (3-0-3)
Selected topics from materials engineering, nuclear physics, aerodynamics, energy, electronics, communications, biological systems, terrestrial and celestial natural systems.
Prerequisite: PHYS 102 PHYS 261 Energy (3-0-3)
A survey of energy sources and resources; a quantitative evaluation of energy technologies; the production, transportation, and consumption of energy. Topics covered include Nuclear energy; fossil fuels; solar energy; wind energy; hydropower; geothermal energy; energy storage and distribution; automotive transportation.
Prerequisite: PHYS 102 PHYS 271 Introduction to Special Relativity (3-0-3)
Properties of space-time; the Lorentz transformation; paradoxes; four vector formulations of mechanics and electromagnetism.
Prerequisite: PHYS 102 PHYS 300 Classical Mechanics I (4-0-4)
Newton’s laws of motion and conservation theorems, Forced damped Oscillations; Coupled Oscillations; Lagrangian Dynamics, Hamilton’s equations of motion; Central-force motion; Dynamics of systems of particles, Motion in a non-inertial reference frame, Dynamics of Rigid bodies including properties of Inertia tensor.
Prerequisites: PHYS 101, PHYS 210 or MATH 333 or MATH 302 PHYS 302 Classical Mechanics II (3-0-3)
Lagrangian formalism in the study of Euler equations for rigid body motion and coupled oscillations; continuous systems and waves; special theory of relativity and relativistic kinematics; Hamiltonian dynamics, Poisson Brackets and conserved quantities, introduction to chaos.
Prerequisite: PHYS 300 PHYS 305 Electricity and Magnetism I (3-0-3)
Electrostatics; Laplace and Poisson’s equations; Dielectric media, Magnetostatics and magnetic fields in matter; Electrodynamics.
Prerequisites: PHYS 102, PHYS 201, PHYS 210 or MATH 208 or MATH 333 PHYS 306 Electricity and Magnetism II (3-0-3)
Conservation Laws; Electromagnetic waves; Diffraction and scattering; Potentials and fields, Electromagnetic radiation, Relativity and relativistic electrodynamics.
Prerequisite: PHYS 305 PHYS 307 Laser Molecular Spectroscopy (3-0-3)
Introduction to lasers; laser in time-resolved and in frequency-resolved spectroscopy; basic elements of spectroscopy; rotational, vibrational, and electronic spectroscopy.
Prerequisite: PHYS 204 or PHYS 213 PHYS 308 Electronics (3-3-4)
Physics of semi-conductors; junction transistors; ampliﬁers; feedback circuits; oscillators; nonlinear devices; digital electronics; digital logic; counters and registers; analog-to-digital converters.
Prerequisite: PHYS 205 PHYS 309 Experimental Physics (1-3-2)
Curve ﬁtting processes; fundamentals of the theory of statistics; evaluation of experimental data; estimation of errors; computer interfacing and data acquisition. Selected experiments in physics will be performed in conjunction with lecture material.
Prerequisite: PHYS 308 PHYS 310 Quantum Mechanics and Applications I (3-0-3)
Fundamentals of non-relativistic quantum mechanics. Mathematical tools and basic postulates of Quantum Mechanics. The Schrödinger equation and its applications to various one-and three dimensional systems. Spin and identical particle effects. Addition of angular momenta.
Prerequisites: PHYS 213, PHYS 300 PHYS 311 Optics (3-0-3)
Nature and propagation of light; image formation-paraxial approximation; optical instruments; superposition of waves; standing waves; beats; Fourier analysis of harmonic periodic waves and wave packets; two-beam and multiple-beam interference; polarization; Fraunhoffer and Fresnel diﬀraction; holography; lasers.
Prerequisite: PHYS 204 PHYS 315 Astrophysics (3-0-3)
Stellar positions, size, luminosity, spectra. Newtonian gravitation, spectral analysis, Doppler shift, interaction of matter and radiation. Modeling the structure of stars. Pulsating stars, novae and supernovae. Collapsed stars (white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes). Stellar systems and clusters, Galaxies, systems of galaxies, ﬁlament and voids.
Prerequisite: PHYS 204 or PHYS 213 PHYS 323 Physics of Nuclear Reactors (3-0-3)
Nuclear reactions and ﬁssion; the multiplication factor and nuclear reactor criticality; homogeneous and heterogeneous reactors; the one-speed diﬀusion theory; reactor kinetics; multi group diﬀusion theory; Computers will be used in simple criticality calculations and reactor kinetics.
Prerequisites: PHYS 102; MATH 202 PHYS 336 Physics of Semiconductor Devices (3-0-3)
Electronic structure of isolated atoms; atoms bonding, crystal structure, energy bands in solids; electrons and holes in semiconductors, drift and diﬀusion, mobility, recombination and lifetime, conductivity; PN junctions, I(V)characteristic, applications; photo detectors, Light emitting diodes, Solar-cell, Bipolar transistor, MOSFET and JFET, Semiconducting Lasers.
Prerequisite: PHYS 102 PHYS 353 Radiation and Health Physics (3-3-4)
Introduction to atomic and nuclear structure, Radioactivity, Properties of ionizing radiation, interaction of radiation with matter, detection methods, dosimetry, biological eﬀects of radiation, external and internal radiation protection.
Prerequisite: PHYS 102 PHYS 365 Introduction to Medical Physics (3-0-3)
Biomechanics, sound and hearing, pressure and motion of ﬂuids, heat and temperature, electricity and magnetism in the body, optics and the eye, biological eﬀects of light, use of ionizing radiation in diagnosis and therapy, radiation safety, medical instrumentation.
Prerequisite: PHYS102, MATH 202
PHYS 373 Introduction to Computational Physics (2-3-3)
Computer simulation of physical systems; simulation techniques; programming methods; comparison of ideal and realistic systems; limitations of physical theory, behavior of physical systems.
(Not open for students who have taken MATH 371 or CISE 301)
Prerequisites: PHYS 204 or PHYS 213, ICS 104 PHYS 399 Summer Training (0-0-2)
Students are required to spend one summer working in industry prior to the term in which they expect to graduate. Students are required to submit a report and make a presentation on their summer training experience and the knowledge gained. The student may also do his summer training by doing research and other academic activities.
Prerequisite: ENGL 214, Junior Standing, Approval of the Department PHYS 403 Senior Physics Lab (0-6-2)
Students are introduced to some experiments that are selected both for their importance in the historical development of physics and their educational value in presenting the techniques used in experimental physics, correlation of the experimental work with theory is stressed.
Prerequisite: PHYS 309 PHYS 405 Physics Project Laboratory (1-6-3)
A laboratory course which offers an opportunity for students to carry out experimental projects, based on their special interests and ideas to study physical phenomena. Faculty help students determine the feasibility of proposed projects.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing PHYS 410 Quantum Mechanics and Applications II (3-0-3)
Time-independent perturbation theory. The variational method and its applications; WKB Approximation, The adiabatic approximation, Time-dependent perturbation theory. Scattering Theory. Approximate solutions of several Schrödinger equations obtained via computer packages.
Prerequisite: PHYS 310 PHYS 413 Advanced Optics (3-0-3)
Fourier transforms and applications, theory of coherence, interference spectroscopy, auto-correlation function, ﬂuctuations, optical transfer functions, diﬀraction and Gaussian beams, Kirchhoﬀ diﬀraction theory, theory of image formation, spatial ﬁltering, aberrations in optical images, interaction of light with matter, crystal optics, nonlinear optics, lasers.
Prerequisites: PHYS 306, PHYS 311 PHYS 414 Physics of Lasers (3-0-3)
Stimulated emission and coherence; population inversion; Gaussian beam propagation; optical resonators and cavity modes; stability criteria; phase conjugate resonators; oscillation threshold and gain; line broadening; gain saturation; density matrix formulation and semi-classical theory of laser; lasers without inversion; mode-locking and pulse compression.
Prerequisites: PHYS 213, PHYS 311 PHYS 416 Cosmology and the Early universe (3-0-3)
Relativity, Gravitational phenomena, Cosmological models, Thermal history of the universe, Cosmic Inflation, Cosmic Microwave Background, Cosmic Structures and Dark Matter.
Prerequisites: PHYS 204 or PHYS 213, MATH 202 PHYS 417 Introduction to General Relativity (3-0-3)
Review of Special Relativity, Tensor Calculus and Spacetime curvature, Equivalence Principle, Einstein Field Equations and their spherical solution, Black Holes; Experimental Tests of General Relativity
Prerequisite: PHYS 306 or Consent of Instructor PHYS 422 Nuclear and Particle Physics (3-0-3)
Nuclear properties, forces between nucleons, nuclear models, radioactive decays and detectors, nuclear reactions, accelerators. Selected Applications.
Prerequisite: PHYS 310 PHYS 430 Thermal and Statistical Physics (4-0-4)
Concepts of temperature, laws of thermodynamics, entropy, thermodynamic relations, free energy. Applications to phase equilibrium, multicomponent systems, chemical reactions, and thermodynamic cycles. Introduction to Kinetic theory and transport phenomena. Introduction to Maxwell-Boltzmann, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics.
Prerequisite: PHYS 213 PHYS 431 Monte Carlo Simulations in Statistical Mechanics (3-0-3)
Review of pertinent topics in classical and quantum physics. Gibb’s statistical ensembles, MB, BE, and FD statistics with simple applications to solids. Theoretical foundations of Monte Carlo simulation, Markov chains, random walks. Study of phase transitions in the 2D and 3D Ising models as well as in the Landau Ginsburg Model using Monte Carlo simulations. Selected Topics in Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing PHYS 432 Introduction to Solid State Physics (3-0-3)
Crystal bonding; lattice vibrations; thermal properties of insulators; free electron theory of metals; band theory; semiconductors, introduction to superconductivity. Simple band structure calculations using computer software packages.
Prerequisite: PHYS 310 PHYS 434 Introduction to the Physics of Surface (3-0-3)
A course may be oﬀered in conjunction with current research at the Surface Science Laboratory. Preparation of clean surfaces; experimental methods such as XPS, UPS, Auger, and LEED; thin ﬁlms; surface states; temperature eﬀects.
Pre-requisite: PHYS 432 PHYS 435 Superconductivity (3-0-3)
The two-ﬂuid model, electrodynamics of superconductors. Thermodynamics of phase transition in type I and type II superconductors. Landau-Ginzburg phenomenological theory of type II superconductors: coherence length, vortices, Abrikosov vortex lattice, critical ﬁelds and vortex ﬂow dynamics. The microscopic theory of BCS, electron pairing.
Prerequisite: PHYS 432 PHYS 441 Particle Physics (3-0-3)
Symmetries and conservation laws; the quark model, Bound States, Feynman diagrams; Selected topics in Quantum Electrodynamics, Weak Interactions, Quantum Chromodynamics, and Gauge theories. Survey of particle accelerators and particle detectors.
Prerequisite: PHYS 310 PHYS 442 Relativistic Quantum Mechanics (3-0-3)
Relativistic spin zero particles and the Klein-Gordon equation; relativistic spin one-half particles and the Dirac equation; propagator theory; Selected Applications.
Prerequisite: PHYS 410 PHYS 451 Nanophysics and Nanotechnology (3-0-3)
Physical concepts, techniques and applications of nanoscale systems. Quantum Mechanics in the nano-regime. Special properties of Nano-materials: nano-slabs, nano-wires and quantum dots. Magnetism at the nano-level and characterization techniques
Prerequisite: PHYS 213 PHYS 461 Introduction to Plasma Physics (3-0-3)
Single-particle motions; plasmas as ﬂuids; waves in plasmas; diﬀusion and resistivity; equilibrium and stability; a simple introduction to kinetic theory; nonlinear eﬀects; controlled fusion.
Prerequisite: PHYS 306 PHYS 471 Introduction to Quantum Information and Computing 3-0-3
Review of relevant Quantum Mechanics concepts including linear vector spaces, Entanglement, the EPR paradox, and Bell’s inequality. Quantum Computation including the qubit, quantum gates and search algorithms. Quantum Communication including cryptography and teleportation. Overview of some experimental implementations.
Prerequisites: PHYS 210 or MATH 208 or MATH 225 PHYS 472 Qubits and Circuit Quantum Electrodynamics (3-0-3)
Introduction to ion trap, spin, NV-center, and circuit qubit, Quantum electrical circuits, superconductivity, Josephson Junction (JJ)-based non-linear harmonic oscillators, JJ-based superconducting circuit-qubits, noise and decoherence, cavity and circuit quantum electrodynamics (QED), microwave-based measurements in circuit QED
Prerequisite: PHYS 471 PHYS 473 Materials Informatics 3-0-3
The course provides an introduction to materials informatics, which is an intersection between materials science, computational methods, and big-data sciences. The emphasis will be toward foundational backgrounds including machine and statistical learning, ML-based materials science modeling, and implementations. As the field is expanding, a short overview of the contemporary trends in the field will be provided.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing PHYS 493 Selected Topics in Physics (3-0-3)
Selected topics of special interest to students. This course may be repeated for credit as an in-depth investigation of a single topic or as a survey of several topics.
Prerequisite: Consent of the Instructor PHYS 497 Undergraduate Research I (0-0-3)
The Student is trained in the process of carrying out scientific research under the supervision of a faculty member. This includes carrying out literature search, writing research proposal, and conducting experimental or theoretical research. The student is expected to present his work at the end of the semester.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing PHYS 498 Undergraduate Research II (0-0-3)
This is a continuation of PHYS 497. The student carries out research, writes a thesis, and defends it at the end of the semester.
Prerequisite: PHYS 497 PHYS 499 Seminar (1-0-1)
Students have the opportunity to present and attend seminars on topics of current research interest.
Prerequisite: Senior Standing